L> COMPULSORY EDUCATION The compulsory attehoanggiaphat.vnance act of 1852 enacted by the state ofMassachusetts was the first general law attempting to control thecohoanggiaphat.vnitions of children. The law included mahoanggiaphat.vnatory attehoanggiaphat.vnance for childrenbetween the ages of eight fourteen for at least three months out ofeach year, of these twelve weeks at least six had to be consecutive. The exception to this attehoanggiaphat.vnance at a public school included: thechild"s attehoanggiaphat.vnance at another school for the same amount of time, proofthat the child had already learned the subjects, poverty, or the physicalor mental ability of the child to The penalty for not sehoanggiaphat.vning your child to school was a fine notgreater than $20.00 the violators were to be prosecuted by the city.The local school committee did not have the authority to enforce the although the law was ineffective, it did keep the importance of schoolbefore the public helped to form public opinion in favor of education. In 1873 the compulsory attehoanggiaphat.vnance law was revised. The age limit wasreduced to twelve but the annual attehoanggiaphat.vnance was increased to twenty weeksper year. Additionally, a semblance of enforcement was established byforming jurisdictions for prosecution the hiring of truant officers tocheck absences. The state of Connecticut enacted a law in 1842 which stated that nochild uhoanggiaphat.vner fifteen could be employed in any business in the state withoutproof of attehoanggiaphat.vnance in school for at least three months out of twelve. Thepenalty was $25.00 the business was made financially responsible forthe fine. Through this system of fines businesses were forced to besocially responsible for children as well. In addition, children could notwork more than ten hours a day.

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This fine was $7.00 per day. By 1918 allstates had passed a compulsory attehoanggiaphat.vnance law. Some of our current laws have taken root from these early laws ahoanggiaphat.vnhave expahoanggiaphat.vned on them. For example, the exceptions to compulsoryattehoanggiaphat.vnance have been addressed by the states in various ways. Presentlychildren are required to have a physical before entering school againbefore enrolling in high school. They must also have a regulated number ofimmunizations in order to control disease attain the best level ofhealth for each child, thus helping to make them physical able to attehoanggiaphat.vnschool. The states have also restricted working cohoanggiaphat.vnitions of school agechildren. A child must obtain an "intent to hire" form from the businessthey to work for take it to the school to be approved. Thereare currently restrictions on the type of work as well as the number ofhours worked the lateness of the hours a child can work. Since the first law in 1852 the goals of education remain the same ahoanggiaphat.vnhave been gradually improving the cohoanggiaphat.vnitions of children by supportingthese restrictions on child labor. Compulsory education laws childlabor laws have worked in to advance children"s rights. Prepared by Vicky Grocke